.                   ESCHATOLOGY:
.                   NOTES ON THE STUDY OF TIMES
NOTE: notes taken from courses & studies on eschatology.
I’ve read through the Bible many times, twice with this
theme in mind in order to see it in its entire context.


1.  GENTILE AGE (Gen.1-11)

Gen.1:1-31    - world created
Gen.2 – 3     - man sins
Gen.3:15      - because they brought sin into the world,
.               through Adam & Eve’s descendants would
.               come salvation’s answer

Gen.6 – 9     - flood, judgment on earth
Gen.9:8-17    - God’s COVENANT never to use a flood
.               again to destroy the earth

Duet.31:26    - “OLD COVENANT”/Mosaic Law
.               (includes 10 commandments)
.             - this convicted Israel of her sins
Gal.3:24      - foreshadowed Christ, but didn’t save
.             - helped people get along


2.  JEWISH AGE  (Gen. 12-gospels)

.               (2148 B.C.)

Gen.12:1-3    - ABRAHAMIC COVENANT
.               (ownership is unconditional Is.1:18-20)

Gen.15:18-21  -   a) PALESTINIAN COVENANT
.                 = Israelites’ land, (to live on it
.                   requires obedience to old covenant)

2Sam.7:1-16   -   b) DAVIDIC COVENANT
.                 = seed, throne (requires obedient ruler)

Heb.10:16-28  -   c) NEW COVENANT
.                 = blessings physical & spiritual
.                (-brings perfect ruler [JESUS] who...)
.                (-brings perfect obedience [HOLY SPIRIT])
.                (-covenant to be fulfilled in Millennium)


NOTE:         - “one week” = 7 prophetic years
.             - prophetic year = 360 days

Dan.9:24-27   - Israel is given 490 years TOTAL from
.               this point on to complete the Jewish Age.
.               The TOTAL is split into 3 sections.

.               (445 B.C. – SECTION 1 of Jewish Age)

Dan.9:25        7 weeks (7 sets of 7) = 49 years,
Neh.2:1-8     - starting at DECREE to rebuild Jerusalem
Neh.6:15      - which included the wall
Ezra 6:13     - and included the temple

.               (396 B.C. – SECTION 2 of Jewish Age)

Dan.9:25        62 weeks (62 sets of 7) = 434 years,
Is.53:8       - cut off at the completion of Jerusalem
Matt.2:1, and
Matt.21:1-17  - 1st ADVENT, BIRTH OF CHRIST to PALM SUNDAY

NOTE: 7 weeks + 62 weeks = 69 weeks (1 week left) / (or)
.     49 + 434 = 483... 490 – 483 = 7 years

.     (there are 7 years left to complete Jewish Age,
.     which will happen after the Church Age)



3.  CHURCH AGE /AGE OF GRACE/GENTILE AGE/KINGDOM OF GOD/
.   KINGDOM OF GOD/NEW COVENANT  (Dan.9:26)


.               (32 A.D.)  “after the 62 weeks”

Luke 23-24      CHRIST’S DEATH, RESURRECTION, ASCENSION
Mt.24:2       - Babylon/Roman Empire destroys Jerusalem


.               (70 AD)

Rom.11        - blessing & salvation
.             - gospel extended to Gentiles

John 14:16    - Holy Spirit promised to Church forever


John 4:35     - there are no signs

2Tim.4:2-5    - we should be ready & witness now
Rev.2-3 and

1Thess.5:6    - church should be doing God’s will now

Matt.6:34     - we should not worry about tomorrow
Acts 1:7 and

1Thess.5:1    - Church has no concerns regarding
.               times or epochs

Matt.24:36    - only God knows when rapture will happen

Mark 13:32    - even as this refers to His 2nd coming...
.               cannot count backwards,
.               there’s nothing to count from

1Thess.5:9    - Church/Christians are saved
.               from wrath to come
.               (1Thess.1:9-10, Rev.3:10, 4:4-11)

1Thess.5:3    - while men are saying “peace & safety”,
.               destruction will come on THEM
.               like birth pangs (not on the Church)

NOTE:           This peace and safety could be:
.             - the only “sign,”
.               meaning “when you least expect it”
.             - OR it could be a brief feeling
.               the unbelievers have right after the
.               Church is raptured (& out of the way).
.               IE.  Now they can do what they want
.               without the feeling of being “judged.”
.               IE.  The war between the Christians
.               and the Muslims would end.

Romans 11:25  - once all the people here on earth
.               have become Christians who are to
.               become Christians during the Church Age
.               (fullness of the Gentiles), then the
.               rapture will happen, and God will once
.               again focus on the nation of Israel



4.  RAPTURE     (NOT Jesus coming to earth)
.               (1Thess.4:13-18)

.               (could happen at any time)

1Thess.5:2 and
Rev.3:3       - like a thief in the night, NO warning

1Thess.4:15   - shout & trumpet, dead/asleep in Christ
.               will rise first
Rom.4:1-8     - this includes O.T. believers/saints
1Thess.4:17   - Christians meet Jesus in the air

1Cor.15:52    - in a flash we will be changed

Phil.1:6,10   - DAY OF CHRIST (FOR CHRISTIANS/BELIEVERS)
1Cor.3:10-15  - BEMA SEAT / JUDGMENT SEAT OF CHRIST
.             - Christians’ motives judged (not sins)
.               & are rewarded for their pure motives

2Thess.2:7    - Church’s influence has been removed
.               from the earth  (saints in heaven are
.               mentioned while Trib. is occurring:
.               Rv.6:11; 15:2; 19:7-9; 19:14)

Rev.4:1       - John hears a trumpet, a voice says
.               come up here right after speaking about
.               the Church/es, John is told
.               (“after these things”) THIS must happen-



5.  TRIBULATION (Rev.5-19)
.               (begins any time–SECTION 3 of Jewish Age)

.               ALSO CALLED:
Rev.3:10      - Hour of Testing / Reckoning Hour
Rev.6:16-17   - Day of Wrath/Wrath of the Lamb
Rev.15:7,16:1 - Wrath of God
Jer.30:7      - Time of Jacob’s Distress,
Is.61:2 and
Luke 21:22    – Day/s of Vengeance,
Zeph.1:7-18   - DAY OF THE LORD / “in that day”...
.               (FIRST PART of the Day of the Lord is
.               the Tribulation where Jesus acts as Judge)


.               (? A.D.)
.             – last week of Jewish Age = 7 prophetic yrs)
         - ONLY unbelievers will enter Tribulation
         - many will become Christians

.               PURPOSE OF TRIBULATION:
Dan.9:24      - a) prepare Israel for her Messiah
Zech.12:9-10      (for covenant, which requires obedience,
.                  to be fulfilled in Millennium)
Rev.3:10      - b) to test and judge the nations
Rev.12:9-10   - c) to address the spiritual battle
.                  with Satan’s army

.               EVENTS OF TRIBULATION:
Matt.24:13-14 - 144,000 Jews are sealed
.             - so that there will be obedient Jews
.               still alive to enter the Millennium,
.             – these will be witnessing during Trib.
.               as originally “chosen” to do)
Matt.24:34    - “this generation” (Israel) will survive
.               the 7 years (they are sealed/protected)
1Thess.5:3    - destruction comes like birth pangs,
.               suddenly (Matt.24:8)
Mt.24:4-13 and
Rev.4-18      - 1st PAINS / 1st HALF (3 1/2 years)
.             - signs that the end of the Jewish age
.               and Christ’s Second Coming is near
Rev.11:1-19   - the 2 witnesses (prophet-like people,
.               help spread the gospel)
Dan.9:27      - “Covenant of the Beast” with Israel
.               (to deceive them into thinking
.               he is their Messiah in attempts
.               of thwarting God’s plan)
Mt.24:15 and
Rev.13:1-18   – HALF WAY POINT,
.               “Abomination of Desolation”
.             - God allows Beast’s evil to be unleashed
.             - Beast puts his image in their temple,
.               trying to set himself up as God
Mt.24:16-28 and
Rev.15-16     – THE GREAT TRIBULATION / or
.               2nd HALF (3 1/2 years)
.             - judgments intensify
Matt.24:14    - the gospel is preached in all the world,
.               then the end of the age


NOTE:  Matt.24:3, disciples ask Jesus what the signs are
.      for the end of the [Jewish] age: for His 2nd Coming
.      - when Jesus will get their land back,
.      - when Jesus will take the throne as their King,
.      - and when their covenants will be fulfilled
.      These signs will help open the eyes of the
.      Israelites so they will believe, be obedient,
.      and have hope that their Messiah is coming.

JUDGMENTS OF REVELATION PARALLEL “SIGNS” IN MATTHEW/LUKE:
Mt.24:8, Rv.12:1-6 - the beginning of birth pangs
                (1Thess.5:3)
                SIGN: pregnant women = Israel,
                (who brings Jesus to the world);
                 birth pangs = the persecution
                 during the Tribulation
                 just before Jesus’s Second Coming
Mt.24:6, Rv.6:1-4   - wars
Mt.24:7, Rv.6:5-8   - famines
Mt.24:7, Rv.6:12-   - earthquakes
Mt.24:9, Rv.6:9-11  - delivered to torment
Mt.24:15,Rv.13:3    - abomination of desolation
Mt.24:16,Rv.12:6    - flee to mountains
Mt.24:21,Rv.15-16   - “great” tribulation,
.                      judgments will intensify
Mt.24:22,Rv.7:3-8   - the elect and those sealed
.                     (Matt.25:34)
Mt.24:24,Rv.13:11-14 - false christs w/”signs & wonders”
Mt.24:29,Rv.6:12-13  - sun & moon
Mt.24:29,Rv.8:12-13  - darken, stars fall (Rev.16:10)
Mt.24:14,Rv.11:1-4,
.        Rv.14:6-13  - gospel preached to all the world

.                    VERY END OF TRIBULATION:
Mt.24:30,Rv.19:11-16 - SECOND COMING OF CHRIST
Rev.19:17:21         - ARMAGEDDON
Mt.24:28,Rv.19:21    - vultures gather over corpses
Mt.24:31,Rv.18:4,    - THE JUDGMENT OF NATIONS,
.        Rv.19:2       THE JUDGMENT OF GENTILES
Mt.25:31-46            SHEEP ARE SEPARATED FROM GOATS
Mt.25:46             - unbelievers thrown into hell
Rev.20:1-3           - Satan & demons bound 1,000 yrs
Mt.24:31,40-4        - sheep/believers from Trib.
.                      taken out of the way so not
.                      destroyed along with the nations
Mt.25:34             - sheep are invited to inherit
.                      the kingdom with Jesus


6.  THE MILLENNIUM

.             ALSO CALLED:
Rev.20:4-6    - THE THOUSAND YEAR REIGN
.             - DAY OF THE LORD / “in that day”
.               (SECOND PART of this
.                where Jesus is Israel’s King)
Mt.25:1       - THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN
Mt.25:1-13 and
Rv.19:7-9     - THE WEDDING FEAST
.             - THE MARRIAGE OF THE LAMB HAS COME,
.               THE BRIDE IS READY
.             - Blessed are those invited to
.               the MARRIAGE SUPPER OF THE LAMB
.               (those making it through Trib. alive
.               as believers will enter the Millennium)
.             - Jewish wedding has two parts:
.               Groom goes to bride’s home
.               for the ceremony,
.               then takes her to his house
.               for the wedding feast later at night.
.               Passing by all the homes,
.               those ready with their lamps can follow.
Rev.19:8      - Bride is ready, bright and clean
.               (fine linen/rewards have been given,
.               at the Bema Seat)
Micah 4:1-8   - people are able to consult with Jesus
.               face to face

.             VERY END OF THE MILLENNIUM

Rev.20:3      - Satan is released right at the end
.               of the Millennium
Rev.20:7-9    - THE LAST BATTLE
.             - those who are deceived join Satan’s side
Rev.20:10     - Satan is thrown into lake of fire forever
Rev.20:5 and
.   20:11-15  - WHITE THRONE JUDGMENT
.             - sinners of all time are judged and
.               sent to the lake of fire /
.               an eternal existence without God
.               and without any goodness

Rev.21-22     - ETERNITY WITH GOD / HEAVEN
.               for all believers
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